Input service distributor process and configuration in SAP S/4HANA Cloud
This blog provides how to configure ISD and process in SAP S/4HANA Cloud.
Business Users, Key Users, Consultants
Input service distributor
An Input Service Distributor is a unit who receives GST (CGST/IGST/SGST) invoices for goods and services related to its branches. It is common for HO (Corporate Office) of large manufacturing organizations to receive services related to Audit and taxation, maintenance services (ERP) on behalf of its branches. In such cases, the Invoice along with tax is raised with HO. Since HO does not have any selling activity, the tax benefit remains utilized if not passed to the respective branches. GST law gives the benefit to use the same by branches with certain conditions and rules laid down by GST law. I have tried to put the solution given by SAP for ISD and rules given by GST law.
The concept of ISD under GST is a legacy carried over from the Service Tax Regime. The government of India has laid down certain conditions and rules in order to help the entities claim ISD tax on the services rendered to the HO or corporate office as mentioned in below picture.
ISD Applicability and Rules
- Legal requirement
ISD is applicable for common services rendered at HO
Pre GST law called as service tax
HO to take a separate registration as such ISD registration number
HO (ISD) and branches should have same PAN number
- Distribution ISD between branches
Tax directly attributable to any branch, then 100% can be distributed to that particular branch
Incase distributable tax can’t be ascertained, then turnover of last year should be taken as the base of distribution.
- Month end activity and GST return
v ISD to furnish the return in FORM GSTR-6
v Details on the tax invoice on which credit has been received
- Non applicability of tax under ISD
v Relating to input (Goods) and capital goods
v Relating to services where reverse charge mechanism is applicable.
SAP has given complete solution in S/4HANA Cloud.
Create New document type for ISD:
- Go to the below SSCUI (SSCUI ID - 101522)
Click on configure and follow the below activities
Copy the document Type JV and create new document type for ISD – ZD – “IN: ISD Invoice”
- Specify document type – SSCUI -101910
Assign new document type created to ISD invoice Doc Type
- Sending and receiving business place configuration (SSCUI ID - 101911)
Multiple Receiving Business Places can be configured as pe the business requirement.
Distribution will be created as per the number of receiving business places maintained
- Maintain the turnover for the receiving business place (SSCUI ID - 101912)
Click on Configure
- ISD invoice posting configurations: maintain the Tax GL accounts for posting in the receiving business place (SSCUI ID - 101927)
Below configuration is used to map the Tax GL accounts to the new receiving Business Places created
- Create the documents:
Create a purchase order for plant 1810 – mapped to ISD business place – 1810 (Sending Business Place) & service entry sheet or Post Supplier invoice
- To post the ISD invoice
Go to the app: “Re-distribute and Create ISD Invoices”
- Click on Display Invoice Distribution:
Distribution details: IGST credit distributed from ISD Business place to the Receiving Business place
- Post distribution details
Enter tax reporting date and post the ISD invoice
- ISD accounting document posted:
The fiscal year check for the distribution for the ISD formula (April to March) for India will be considered by the below configuration